Some Readings on Cultural Appropriations, Native America, and the New Age
Henry R. Luce Professor
of Religion, Economic Development, and Social Justice
Holy Cross College, Worcester MA 01610
This bibliography is work-in progress. I would be most grateful for any additions, corrections, or assistance with incomplete citations, copies of papers, or information about research being undertaken on the topic and I gratefully acknowledge those who have assisted already.
Adolph, Jonathan and Richard Smoley
1989 'Beverly Hills shaman.' New Age Journal, March/April, pp. 22-6, 96-7.
1990 Nature Religion in America. University of Chicago Press.
1992 'White men can't drum.' New York Times Magazine, October 4, p. 30-1.
American Indian Community House, New York, N.Y.
1993 'Spirituality for sale.' Community Bulletin, no. 8, 4-5, 19-20.
Amoja Three Rivers
1990 Cultural Etiquette: A Guide for the Well Intentioned. Distributed by Market
Wimmin, Box 28, Indian Valley, VA 24105.
Armstrong, Jeanette C.
1989 'Cultural robbery: Imperialism, Voice of Native women.' Trivia, 14 (Spring).
Baker, Marie Ann-Harte
1994 'Gotta be on top: Why the missionary position fails to excite me.' Canadas bap,
Semiotext(e), pp. 298-302.
1978 'Sonoran fantasy or Coming of Age?' American Anthropologist, June, p. 357.
1993 'Discovering Americans: Appropriations of Native American religions in the nineteenth century.' Unpublished paper, Carlton College, Minnesota.
Brown, Michael F.
1994 'Who owns what the spirits share? Reflections on commodification and intellectual
property in New Age America.' PoLAR, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 7-17. (see also Glass-Coffin
and Schaefer, 1993)
Brown, Susan Love
1992 'Baby boomers, American character, and the New Age: a synthesis.' In
Perspectives on the New Age, edited by James R. Lewis and J. Gordon Melton, SUNY
Press, Albany, pp. 87-96.
1989 'In the red.' Fuse, vol. 17, issue 1&2, (Fall) pp. 22-8.
1991 'Shame-on!' Dream On, Press Gang, Vancouver, pp. 100-1.
1988 'A little matter of genocide: Native American spirituality and New Age
hucksterism.' The Bloomsbury Review, September/October. (reprinted in Churchill 1992)
1988 'Sam Gill's Mother Earth: Colonialism, genocide, and the expropriation of
Indigenous spiritual tradition in contemporary academia.' American Indian Culture and
Research , vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 49-67. (reprinted in Churchill 1992)
1990 'Spiritual hucksterism.' Z Magazine, December. (reprinted in Churchill 1992)
1992 Fantasies of the Master Race: Literature, Cinema and the Colonization of American Indians. Common Courage Press, Monroe.
1994 Indians Are Us? Culture and Genocide in Native North America. Common Courage Press, Monroe.
1976 Castaneda's Journey: The Power and the Allegory. Capra Press, Santa Barbara.
deMille, Richard (ed.)
1990 The Don Juan Papers: Further Castaneda Controversies. Wadsworth, Belmont, Ca.
1990 Validity is not Authenticity: Distinguishing two components of truth. In The Invented Indian: Cultural Fictions and Government Policies edited by James A. Clifton, Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick, USA, pp. 227-253.
1992 'Is religion possible? An evaluation of present efforts to revive traditional tribal
religions.' Wicazo Sa Review, vol. I, 11, no. 1.
1994 'Cynical agenda in New Age assault.' The Australian Week-end Review, Oct. 29
30, p. 5.
1993 In the Lap of the Goddess: The Feminist Spiritual Movement in America. New York.
1991 'Crystal Balls.' , 22, Winter, pp. 45-48.
Gill, Sam D.
1990 Mother Earth: An American myth. In The Invented Indian: Cultural Fictions and
Government Policies, edited by James A. Clifton, Transaction Publishers, New
Brunswick, USA, pp. 129-143.
1987 Mother Earth: An American Story. University of Chicago Press.
1994 'Anthropology, Shamanism, and the 'New Age.' Point of View, Chronicle of
Higher Education, June 15, A48.
1993 'Shamanic introductions: when fieldwork becomes a forum for cultural (ex)change.' (See Glass-Coffin and Schaefer, American Anthropological Association Panel.)
Glass-Coffin, Bonnie and Stacy Schaefer (Co-organizers)
1993 'Ethical issues in the study of spiritual traditions: exploitation or cultural borrowing.' American Anthropological Association Panel. Michael Brown, Bonnie GlassCoffin, Chris Loether, Corey Pressman, Stacy Schaefer, Mary K. Smith-Nolan.
1995 'Yours truly from Indian Country.' Yoga Journal, Jan./Feb., pp. 79-85.
1995 'The Tribe Called Wannabe', Aniyunwiya / Real Human Beings, An Anthology of Contemporary Cherokee Prose, Joseph Bruchac (Editor), Greenfield Review Press. (Reprinted from Folklore,
v 1, 9, 1988)
1992 Women Respond to the Men's Movement. Pandora, San Francisco.
1994 'A case of spiritual voyeurism.' Feminist Bookstore News, October.
Henson (Smith), Susan
1994 Conflicts over the appropriation of Native American Ritual by New Age Participants. Master of Arts thesis, University of Southern California.
1994 Mediations of the Spirit: Native American women and the ethics of representation.
Unpublished paper, University of California, Davis.
1978 'The rise of white shaman as a new version of cultural imperialism.' In The
Remembered Earth, edited by Geary Hobson, Albuquerque, Red Earth Press, pp. 100-108.
1993 'Wanting to be an Indian.' (a poem). Trivia, vol.2l, pp.57-61.
1994 'Wanting to be an Indian: Cultural appropriation in White feminist spirituality.' Sinister Wisdom, vol. 52, pp. 79-88.
1994 'Native spirituality... Not!' At the Crossroads, vol. 5, December, pp. 41-3.
1995 'To My New Age "Sisters" and "Brothers"', Aniyunwiya / Real Human Beings, An Anthology of Contemporary Cherokee Prose, Joseph Bruchac (Editor), Greenfield Review Press.
Kehoe, Alice B.
1990 Primal Gaia: Primitivists and Plastic Medicine Man. In The Invented Indian: Cultural Fictions and Government Policies, edited by James A. Clifton, Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick, USA, pp. 193-209.
1991 'The difference between Hanbeceya and vision-quest.' Lakota Times, Rapid City,
SD, Jan 29, p. 6.
1993 Declaration of War: Against Exploiters of Lakota Spirituality. (Reprinted in
Landsman, Gail H.
1992 'The "other" as political symbol: Images of Indians in the Women's Suffrage
Movement.' Ethnohistory, vol. 39, no. 3, pp.
1994 'The Celestine Profit'. New Age Utne Reader, Sept./Oct., pp. 20 - 1.
Little Eagle, Avis
1994 'Sacred Pipekeeper Fears Feds will Step In.' Cultural Survival Quarterly, Winter,
1991 'Lakota rituals being sold.' Lakota Times, Rapid City, SD, July 2, pp. 1& A2.
1993 'Pan-Indian spirituality among the Western Mono.' See Glass-Coffin and Schaefer, American Anthropological Association Panel.
Looking Horse, Martha
1991 'Looking horse gives hard lesson in spirituality.' Lakota Times, SD, Jan 29, p. 6.
Mies, Maria and Vandana Shiva
1993 Ecofeminism, Spinifex Press, Melbourne.
Melton, J.G., J Clark and A.A.Kelly
1990 Introduction, overview, and chronology of the New Age Movement,New Age Encyclopaedia, Gale Research Inc., Detroit, pp. vii-xxxvil.
1989 The Death of Nature: Women, Ecology and the Scientific Revolution. Harper San
1994 'Letters.' Australian Author, vol. 26, no. 3, Spring, p. 7.
1993 'Indians blast imitators.' Washington Post, Sept. 3.
Noel, Daniel C.
Forthcoming 'The inner journey in neo-shamanism: A neo-Jungian perspective on
imagining for neo-pagan practice.' In Witchcraft and Shamanism, edited by C. Clifton,
Llewellyn, St. Paul, New Mexico.
1991 'Merlin returns: The subtle experience of an anglo-shamanism.' The Quest, Summer, pp.31-39.
1993 Re-Imagining shamanism: Scholarly construct and New Age fantasy healing fiction',
Metaxy, Summer, pp. 17-2. Noel, Daniel, C.(ed.)
1976 Seeing Castaneda: Reactions to the "Don Juan" Writings of Carlos Castaneda. G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York.
Orenstein, Gloria Femen
1993 'Towards an ecofeminist ethic of shamanism and the sacred.' In Ecofeminism and the Sacred, edited by Carol J. Adams, Continuum, pp. 172-190.
Pratt, Mary Louise
1986 Fieldwork in common places. In Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of
Ethnography, pp. 27-50.
1993 'Changing dances: syncretism and religious identity at a Hare Krishna community.'
See Glass-Coffin and Schaefer, American Anthropological Association Panel.
1992 'The Great Pretenders: Further Reflections on Whiteshamanism.' In The State of
Native America: Genocide, Colonization, and Resistance, edited by Annette Jaimes, South
End Press, Boston, pp. 403-421.
1993 'New Agers abuse Sun Dance ceremony, say Native protesters.' News from
Indian Country, late July, p.9, 13.
1992 'Telling dreams and keeping secrets: the Bole Maru as American Indian resistance.'
American Indian Culture and Research Journal, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 71-85.
1993 'Huichols, the New Age movement and the Native American church: ethical
considerations in long-term field work.' See Glass-Coffin and Schaefer, American
Anthropological Association Panel.
1993 'Plastic medicine men invade Europe.' Community Bulletin, American Indian
Community House, vol. VIII, no. XIII.
1993 Earth Follies: Coming to Feminist Terms with the Global Environmental Crisis
Routledge, New York. (See especially Section 5: The Eco-fringe: Deep ecology and eco
feminism, pp. 222-252).
1990 'For all those who were Indian in a former life.' Sojourner , vol. 16, no. 3, Nov.,
pp. 8-9. Reprinted in Ecofeminism and the Sacred, edited by Carol J. Adams,
(Continuum, New York) 1993, pp. 168-71 and Ms, Nov./Dec., 1990, pp. 44-5.
1991 'The New Age movement and Native spirituality.' Indigenous Woman, vol. 1, no. 1, Spring, p. 18.
1994 Sweating Indian Style: Conflicts over Native American Ritual. Video, VHS 1/2 inch
cassette, 57 mins, 1501 Lahoma Drive, Pryor, Oklahoma, 74361.
Smith-Nolan, Mary K.
1993 'Imagining them: reimagining ourselves: cultural appropriation in a New Age American spirituality movement.' See Glass-Coffin and Schaefer, American Anthropological Association Panel.
Straw, Gordon (Rev.)
1993 'Borrowing from Native American spirituality: A serious concern.' News from Indian Country, late, p. 16.
1993 'Tobacco ties, prayer feathers-it's all here, for a price.' Community Bulletin,
American Indian Community House, vol. IX, no. XIV (from Indian Country, date??)
1997 Earthen spirituality or cultural genocide?: Radical environmentalism's appropriation of Native American spirituality. Religion, vol. 27, 183-215.
1986 'On common ground: Native American and feminist spirituality approaches in the struggle to save Mother Earth.' In Politics of Women's Spirituality: Essays on the Rise of Spiritual Power within the Feminist Movement, edited by Charlene Spretnak, Doubleday Day.
1990 'Notes on appropriation.' Parallélogramme, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 24-33.
1986 'Guided tour spirituality: cosmic way or cosmic nip-off.' Shaman's Drum, Fall.
Warren, Karen J.
1993 'A feminist philosophical perspective on ecofeminist spiritualities.' In Ecofeminism
and the Sacred, edited by Carol J. Adams, Continuum, pp. 119-132.