Some Readings on Cultural Appropriations, Native America, and the New Age

Diane Bell
Henry R. Luce Professor
of Religion, Economic Development, and Social Justice
Holy Cross College, Worcester MA 01610

This bibliography is work-in progress. I would be most grateful for any additions, corrections, or assistance with incomplete citations, copies of papers, or information about research being undertaken on the topic and I gratefully acknowledge those who have assisted already.

Adolph, Jonathan and Richard Smoley
1989     'Beverly Hills shaman.' New Age Journal, March/April, pp. 22-6, 96-7.

Albanese, Catherine
1990     Nature Religion in America. University of Chicago Press.

Alexie, Sherman
1992     'White men can't drum.' New York Times Magazine, October 4, p. 30-1.

American Indian Community House, New York, N.Y.
1993     'Spirituality for sale.' Community Bulletin, no. 8, 4-5, 19-20.

Amoja Three Rivers
1990     Cultural Etiquette: A Guide for the Well Intentioned. Distributed by Market Wimmin, Box 28, Indian Valley, VA 24105.

Armstrong, Jeanette C.
1989     'Cultural robbery: Imperialism, Voice of Native women.' Trivia, 14 (Spring).

Baker, Marie Ann-Harte
1994     'Gotta be on top: Why the missionary position fails to excite me.' Canadas bap, Semiotext(e), pp. 298-302.

Beals, Ralph
1978     'Sonoran fantasy or Coming of Age?' American Anthropologist, June, p. 357.

Bell, Diane
1997     'Desperately seeking redemption' Natural History, vol. 106, no. 2, March., pp. 52-3.

Braude, Ann
1993     'Discovering Americans: Appropriations of Native American religions in the nineteenth century.' Unpublished paper, Carlton College, Minnesota.

Brown, Michael F.
1994     'Who owns what the spirits share? Reflections on commodification and intellectual property in New Age America.' PoLAR, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 7-17. (see also Glass-Coffin and Schaefer, 1993)

Brown, Susan Love
1992     'Baby boomers, American character, and the New Age: a synthesis.' In Perspectives on the New Age, edited by James R. Lewis and J. Gordon Melton, SUNY Press, Albany, pp. 87-96.

Cardinal-Schubert, Joanne
1989 'In the red.' Fuse, vol. 17, issue 1&2, (Fall) pp. 22-8.

1991     'Shame-on!' Dream On, Press Gang, Vancouver, pp. 100-1.

1988     'I am Not Your Indian Princess' Not Vanishing, Press Gang, Vancouver,

Churchill, Ward
1988     'A little matter of genocide: Native American spirituality and New Age hucksterism.' The Bloomsbury Review, September/October. (reprinted in Churchill 1992)

1988     'Sam Gill's Mother Earth: Colonialism, genocide, and the expropriation of Indigenous spiritual tradition in contemporary academia.' American Indian Culture and Research , vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 49-67. (reprinted in Churchill 1992)

1990     'Spiritual hucksterism.' Z Magazine, December. (reprinted in Churchill 1992)

1992     Fantasies of the Master Race: Literature, Cinema and the Colonization of American Indians. Common Courage Press, Monroe.

1994     Indians Are Us? Culture and Genocide in Native North America. Common Courage Press, Monroe.

Conners, Andrew
1993     'Teaching Drum Outdoor School vs Honor Inc.' News from Indian Country, Late July, p. 16.

deMille, Richard
1976     Castaneda's Journey: The Power and the Allegory. Capra Press, Santa Barbara.

deMille, Richard (ed.)
1990     The Don Juan Papers: Further Castaneda Controversies. Wadsworth, Belmont, Ca.

1990     Validity is not Authenticity: Distinguishing two components of truth. In The Invented Indian: Cultural Fictions and Government Policies edited by James A. Clifton, Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick, USA, pp. 227-253.

Deloria, Vine
1992     'Is religion possible? An evaluation of present efforts to revive traditional tribal religions.' Wicazo Sa Review, vol. I, 11, no. 1.

1994     'Cynical agenda in New Age assault.' The Australian Week-end Review, Oct. 29 30, p. 5.

Eller, Cynthia
1993     In the Lap of the Goddess: The Feminist Spiritual Movement in America. New York.

Elliott, Karin, L.
1993     'Letter to the Editor.' News from Indian Country. July.

Fikes, Jay Courtney
1993     Carlos Castaneda, Academic Opportunism, and the Psychedelic Sixties. Millennia Press.

Frederick, Joy Asham
1990     'Fencepost sitting and how I fell off to one side.' Arts and Craft, vol. 2, no. 3, (Fall) pp. 9-14.

Forbes, Jack, D.
1993     'Shamanism, new and old.' News from Indian Country, late Oct., p. 22.

Francis, Daphne
1991     'Crystal Balls.' , 22, Winter, pp. 45-48.

Gill, Sam D.
1990     Mother Earth: An American myth. In The Invented Indian: Cultural Fictions and Government Policies, edited by James A. Clifton, Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick, USA, pp. 129-143.

1987     Mother Earth: An American Story. University of Chicago Press.

Glass-Coffin, Bonnie
1994     'Anthropology, Shamanism, and the 'New Age.' Point of View, Chronicle of Higher Education, June 15, A48.

1993     'Shamanic introductions: when fieldwork becomes a forum for cultural (ex)change.' (See Glass-Coffin and Schaefer, American Anthropological Association Panel.)

Glass-Coffin, Bonnie and Stacy Schaefer (Co-organizers)
1993     'Ethical issues in the study of spiritual traditions: exploitation or cultural borrowing.' American Anthropological Association Panel. Michael Brown, Bonnie GlassCoffin, Chris Loether, Corey Pressman, Stacy Schaefer, Mary K. Smith-Nolan.

Glendinning, Chellis
1995     'Yours truly from Indian Country.' Yoga Journal, Jan./Feb., pp. 79-85.

Green, Rayna
1995     'The Tribe Called Wannabe', Aniyunwiya / Real Human Beings, An Anthology of Contemporary Cherokee Prose, Joseph Bruchac (Editor), Greenfield Review Press. (Reprinted from Folklore, v 1, 9, 1988)

Hagan, Leigh
1992     Women Respond to the Men's Movement. Pandora, San Francisco.

Hawthorne, Susan
1994     'A case of spiritual voyeurism.' Feminist Bookstore News, October.

Henson (Smith), Susan
1994     Conflicts over the appropriation of Native American Ritual by New Age Participants. Master of Arts thesis, University of Southern California.

Hernandez, Inéz
1994     Mediations of the Spirit: Native American women and the ethics of representation. Unpublished paper, University of California, Davis.

Hobson, Geary
1978     'The rise of white shaman as a new version of cultural imperialism.' In The Remembered Earth, edited by Geary Hobson, Albuquerque, Red Earth Press, pp. 100-108.

Johnson, Mykel
1993     'Wanting to be an Indian.' (a poem). Trivia, vol.2l, pp.57-61.

1994     'Wanting to be an Indian: Cultural appropriation in White feminist spirituality.' Sinister Wisdom, vol. 52, pp. 79-88.

1994     'Native spirituality... Not!' At the Crossroads, vol. 5, December, pp. 41-3.

1995     "Wanting To Be Indian: When Spiritual Searching Turns Into Cultural Theft"

Kasee, Cynthia
1995     'To My New Age "Sisters" and "Brothers"', Aniyunwiya / Real Human Beings, An Anthology of Contemporary Cherokee Prose, Joseph Bruchac (Editor), Greenfield Review Press.

Kehoe, Alice B.
1990     Primal Gaia: Primitivists and Plastic Medicine Man. In The Invented Indian: Cultural Fictions and Government Policies, edited by James A. Clifton, Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick, USA, pp. 193-209.

Koppedraver, K.I.
1991     'The difference between Hanbeceya and vision-quest.' Lakota Times, Rapid City, SD, Jan 29, p. 6.

1993     Declaration of War: Against Exploiters of Lakota Spirituality. (Reprinted in Churchill 1994)

Landsman, Gail H.
1992     'The "other" as political symbol: Images of Indians in the Women's Suffrage Movement.' Ethnohistory, vol. 39, no. 3, pp.

Larsen, Elizabeth
1994     'The Celestine Profit'. New Age Utne Reader, Sept./Oct., pp. 20 - 1.

Little Eagle, Avis
1994     'Sacred Pipekeeper Fears Feds will Step In.' Cultural Survival Quarterly, Winter, p. 72.

1991     'Lakota rituals being sold.' Lakota Times, Rapid City, SD, July 2, pp. 1& A2.

Loether, Chris
1993     'Pan-Indian spirituality among the Western Mono.' See Glass-Coffin and Schaefer, American Anthropological Association Panel.

Looking Horse, Martha
1991     'Looking horse gives hard lesson in spirituality.' Lakota Times, SD, Jan 29, p. 6.

Masayasva, Victor
1991-7     Imagining Indians. A video. IS Productions. PO Box 747, Rt. 264, Hotevilla, AZ, 86030.

Mies, Maria and Vandana Shiva
1993     Ecofeminism, Spinifex Press, Melbourne.

Melton, J.G., J Clark and A.A.Kelly
1990     Introduction, overview, and chronology of the New Age Movement,New Age Encyclopaedia, Gale Research Inc., Detroit, pp. vii-xxxvil.

Merchant, Carolyn
1989     The Death of Nature: Women, Ecology and the Scientific Revolution. Harper San Francisco.

Morrissey, Di
1994     'Letters.' Australian Author, vol. 26, no. 3, Spring, p. 7.

Neibuhr, Gustav
1993     'Indians blast imitators.' Washington Post, Sept. 3.

Noel, Daniel C.
Forthcoming     'The inner journey in neo-shamanism: A neo-Jungian perspective on imagining for neo-pagan practice.' In Witchcraft and Shamanism, edited by C. Clifton, Llewellyn, St. Paul, New Mexico.

1991     'Merlin returns: The subtle experience of an anglo-shamanism.' The Quest, Summer, pp.31-39.

1993     Re-Imagining shamanism: Scholarly construct and New Age fantasy healing fiction', Metaxy, Summer, pp. 17-2. Noel, Daniel, C.(ed.)

1976     Seeing Castaneda: Reactions to the "Don Juan" Writings of Carlos Castaneda. G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York.

Orenstein, Gloria Femen
1993     'Towards an ecofeminist ethic of shamanism and the sacred.' In Ecofeminism and the Sacred, edited by Carol J. Adams, Continuum, pp. 172-190.

Pratt, Mary Louise
1986     Fieldwork in common places. In Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography, pp. 27-50.

Pressman, Corey
1993     'Changing dances: syncretism and religious identity at a Hare Krishna community.' See Glass-Coffin and Schaefer, American Anthropological Association Panel.

Rose, Wendy
1992     'The Great Pretenders: Further Reflections on Whiteshamanism.' In The State of Native America: Genocide, Colonization, and Resistance, edited by Annette Jaimes, South End Press, Boston, pp. 403-421.

Sangiacomo, Michael
1993     'New Agers abuse Sun Dance ceremony, say Native protesters.' News from Indian Country, late July, p.9, 13.

Sarris, Greg
1992     'Telling dreams and keeping secrets: the Bole Maru as American Indian resistance.' American Indian Culture and Research Journal, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 71-85.

Schaefer, Stacey
1993     'Huichols, the New Age movement and the Native American church: ethical considerations in long-term field work.' See Glass-Coffin and Schaefer, American Anthropological Association Panel.

Schweidlenka, Roman
1993     'Plastic medicine men invade Europe.' Community Bulletin, American Indian Community House, vol. VIII, no. XIII.

Seager, Joni
1993    Earth Follies: Coming to Feminist Terms with the Global Environmental Crisis Routledge, New York. (See especially Section 5: The Eco-fringe: Deep ecology and eco feminism, pp. 222-252).

Smith, Andy
1990     'For all those who were Indian in a former life.' Sojourner , vol. 16, no. 3, Nov., pp. 8-9. Reprinted in Ecofeminism and the Sacred, edited by Carol J. Adams, (Continuum, New York) 1993, pp. 168-71 and Ms, Nov./Dec., 1990, pp. 44-5.

1991     'The New Age movement and Native spirituality.' Indigenous Woman, vol. 1, no. 1, Spring, p. 18.

Smith, Susan
1994     Sweating Indian Style: Conflicts over Native American Ritual. Video, VHS 1/2 inch cassette, 57 mins, 1501 Lahoma Drive, Pryor, Oklahoma, 74361.

Smith-Nolan, Mary K.
1993     'Imagining them: reimagining ourselves: cultural appropriation in a New Age American spirituality movement.' See Glass-Coffin and Schaefer, American Anthropological Association Panel.

Straw, Gordon (Rev.)
1993     'Borrowing from Native American spirituality: A serious concern.' News from Indian Country, late, p. 16.

Talima, Valerie
1993     'Tobacco ties, prayer feathers-it's all here, for a price.' Community Bulletin, American Indian Community House, vol. IX, no. XIV (from Indian Country, date??)

Taylor, Bron
1997     Earthen spirituality or cultural genocide?: Radical environmentalism's appropriation of Native American spirituality. Religion, vol. 27, 183-215.

Tobias, Lenore Keeshig
1990     'Stop selling Native stories.' Globe and Mail, Jan. 26.

Todd, Judith
1986     'On common ground: Native American and feminist spirituality approaches in the struggle to save Mother Earth.' In Politics of Women's Spirituality: Essays on the Rise of Spiritual Power within the Feminist Movement, edited by Charlene Spretnak, Doubleday Day.

Todd, Loretta
1990     'Notes on appropriation.' Parallélogramme, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 24-33.

Valadez, Susana
1986     'Guided tour spirituality: cosmic way or cosmic nip-off.' Shaman's Drum, Fall.

Warren, Karen J.
1993     'A feminist philosophical perspective on ecofeminist spiritualities.' In Ecofeminism and the Sacred, edited by Carol J. Adams, Continuum, pp. 119-132.

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