Day 3 -- Saturday -- Kayenta and Monument Valley to Chinle (with a detour to Nazlini)

It was another magnificent Arizona [Hoozdo Hahoodzo] high desert morning ['abíní], but the Golden Sands wasn't open for breakfast [abínígo da'adánígíí] this Saturday [Damóoyázhí] morning ['abíní]! Nor were any of the other truly local eateries, so we were stuck with the Holiday Inn in Kayenta [Tódínéeshzhee'] for breakfast [abínígo da'adánígíí] for only the second time in my numerous trips there. While we waited for service, we could examine the totally tasteless, machine made items in the gift shop window that were being passed off as handmade craft items from the local area. It was more entertaining to watch the other occupants of the dining room [da'ad33góne'] and to speculate on their origins and the relationships between the members of their group. As is usual in this region, many of the visitors come from outside the United States,especially Europe and Japan. Between the Diné (the name the Navajo have for themselves, The People) and the foreign visitors, English speakers may be in the minority, that is those who speak only English. Today several German [bééshbich'ahí bizaad] speakers were present at breakfast, which finally arrived -- standard U.S. motel fare.

After filling the gas tank [chidí bitoo dahsi'ánígíí], we headed north [náhook-s] on 163, past the High School, which sometimes has grass so green that you cannot believe it against the red land, past Aglatha Peak ['Aghaa[3 ] and Owl Rock, toward the entrance to Monument Valley [Tsé bii'nidzisgai], just over the Utah [Gáamalíní bikeyah Hahoodzo] border. The loop drive in Monument Valley [Tsé bii'nidzisgai] can be traveled by a private car [chidí], but it is best done by one with high clearance. As we dropped down into the valley from the overview at the entrance, the view of the Mittens was spectacular. At each turn in the road, another incredible wind [níyol] and water [] carved red rock [tsé] butte would be revealed, the Three Sisters, Elephant Butte, Spearhead Mesa, the Totem Pole, and many more. More sand [séí] samples were taken. but, due to the cold weather [t'áá ákwííj8[ch'ih 'a['22h 'ánáání[ígíí] and the general lack of tourists, the local residents were not much in evidence. We drove the loop slowly, stopping at all of the pullouts. When we returned to the Visitor center, there were a few local Navajos scouting the entrance area, hoping to act as guides for those not inclined to risk their cars [chidí]. We stopped at the visitor center where I purchased a Carlos Nakai tape (Ancestral Voices) to play in the car [chidí] (when not listening to KTNN, Window Rock [Tségháhoodzání]), a couple of bookmarks having panoramic views of the landscape and a disposable camera [bee ak'inida'anilí] which took panoramic photographs [naaltsoos bikáa'gi e'elyaa]. Lori got some postcards and a chocolate "fix" while I went upstairs to the enclosed overlook and took my first photograph [naaltsoos bikáa'gi e'elyaa] with the new camera [bee ak'inida'anilí].

Monument Valley View

We decided we had enough food [ch'iiyáán] in the car [chidí] that we could skip lunch at the Holiday Inn. Therefore we planned to drive on to the Chinle [Ch'íníl8] area without another stop in Kayenta [Tódínéeshzhee']. Just outside of the Monument Valley Tribal Park, near the intersection with the highway, we passed the second Monument Vally High School and turned south. On our drive back to Kayenta [Tódínéeshzhee'], we saw the aftermath of a serious, apparently one [[a'ii] car [chidí], accident. The car [chidí] had rolled over several times, to end up far off the road ['atiin], leaving glass from the car windows [chidí bitsés-'] everywhere. We saw no sign of occupants and no ambulance, but there were two Navajo Nation patrolmen and no reasonable scenario for the cause of the accident. However it is open range. We kept a careful eye on the roadside for sheep [dibé], horses [[88] or the occasional cow [béégashii]. We also checked our seatbelts. The accident reminded us of the Christmas Story we found in one of the local papers that we had picked up.

After passing by the Monument Valley High School in Kayenta [Tódínéeshzhee'] again and driving through the town, we turned onto US 180 east [ha'a'aah] and drove past Church Rock and past our turn in order to see the Baby Rocks [Tsé 'awé'é] formation, an unusual erosion/fracture pattern in a deep red [[ichíí'] mesa. We turned around there and returned to the intersection with Navajo Rt. 59, south [shádi'ááh] toward Chinle [Ch'íníl8]. As we drove south [Shádi'ááh] toward Chinle [Ch'íníl8], with Black Mesa [Dzi[yíjiin] ever closer on our right
[nishnááji], past Chilchinbito [Chii[chin bii'tó], we found the body of a dog [lééch2<2'í] hanging from a roadside marker.

After passing White Top Mesa, where the fracture forms always remind me of the spirit gods of the Navajo [Yéi] as portrayed in sandpaintings [iikááh] and rugs [diyogí], we were forced to detour onto a well made dirt road winding down the face of a mesa. The deep cut that had been made in the mesa to accomodate the highway ['atiin] had washed out. Shortly after the detour, we passed the road into the town of Rough Rock [Tséch'izhí].

Just before we reached Many Farms [Dá'ák'ehalání], while driving over the Carson Mesa, I turned off onto a dirt road and drove into an open area under high cream [dinilgai] colored rock [tsé] cliffs. I knew this hidden amphitheater because Steve and I had explored this region when we taught at Navajo Community College in Tsaile for two [naaki] summers [sh8 sh98go]. Lori and I had lunch here and spent some time exploring the area. Lori took more sand [séí] samples, still finding new colors ['a[tah 'áát'ee[go nidaashch'22'ígíí] !

After lunch we descended into the Chinle Valley to the town of Many Farms [Dá'ák'ehalání] and followed US 191 and the Chinle Wash into Chinle [Ch'íníl9]. I decided that I must show Lori a few of the off the beaten path spectacular sights of the area -- south [shádi'ááh] down the valley, known as Beautiful Valley places where no tourist is ever seen. We drove south [shádi'ááh] from Chinle [Ch'íníl9] on Navajo 27 toward Nazlini [Nazlíní] on a good dirt road, but one which can turn into a quagmire when wet [dinisht[éé']. We first drove past Nazlini [Nazlíní] and up onto the Defiance Plateau to another unmarked pullout and into an ex-picnic area (at least there are things that were once picnic tables there), littered with broken glass, crushed cans and used diapers, to reach a viewpoint overlooking a deep maroon red [di[hi[go [ichíí'] fluted rock [tsé] canyon with a wooded top. We could see for miles (50 -- 75) in the clean dry winter [haigo] air.

After a discussion of the proclivity of Westerners to believe in the inexhaustability of the landscape, we made our way back out and drove down toward Nazlini [Nazlíní] and the Chinle Wash. But half way down I stopped at another overlook, south [shádi'ááh] down the valley, known as Beautiful Valley to the Diné. This view is incredible, no matter what the season [nináhágháhígíí]. Driving on past Nazlini [Nazlíní], I turned left [nisht['ahjí] at the intersection, toward the road ['atiin] connecting to US 191. This road ['atiin] passes through an incredible set of huge mudhills covered with petrified wood. We spent hours here, walking over the mudhills. I collected small colorful pieces of the petrified wood for my grandaughter's new rock tumbler. Lori collected larger pieces for her ever-growing collection of land samples, and we just enjoyed the gorgeous winter [haigo] afternoon ['a[ní'ní'3dóó bik'ij8'].

As I walked back to the car [chidí], I noticed that we had a flat tire [chidí bikee' níí[ts--z]. Lori and I spent half an hour ['a[níí] trying to find the nut which would allow us to release the spare tire [chidí bikee'] from its storage space under the rear of the car [chidí]. We finally found instructions on a piece of paper [naaltsoos] stuck on under the hood [chidí bitsiits'iin bi[ yaa si'ánígíí] (where the jack [chidí bee dahndíídlohí] was stored!), no thanks to Avis. Their instructions were useless! Once we could get the spare out, it took us no time at all to change the tire [chidí bikee']. While doing so, Lori told me about the large log of petrified wood that she had seen when standing on top of the highest mudhill, the size of a Yule log! We left it where it belonged.

On the way back to town, Lori and I speculated on how we would get the tire [chidí bikee'] repaired on a Saturday [Damóoyázhí] night [t['éé'] in Chinle [Ch'íníl9]. We worked out our schedule so we could get it fixed on Monday [Damóo biiskání] morning ['abíní] if necessary, while driving carefully over the weekend. We would be more like an Indian car, without a spare. The first gas station [chidí bitoo' bá'a'íí'áhí] at which we stopped didn't fix tires [chidí bikee'] but did tell us the location of one which would. By now I was again adept at asking the right questions [na'ídíkid] in order to get the information desired, so we drove on to the second station and inquired about getting the tire [chidí bikee'] fixed. The young Navajo attendant [chidí bitoo' iihnáyiikaahí] said "sure, we fix tires [chidí bikee']." We supposed that we would leave the tire [chidí bikee'] to be fixed and pick it up later. But no, the attendant [chidí bitoo' iihnáyiikaahí] turned into a mechanic [chidí 'aneilíni]. The tire [chidí bikee'] was instantly examined and repaired. All the while he quizzed us about how it happened. What were we doing down there in Nazlini [Nazlíní]? Did we like Chinle [Ch'íníl9]? He thought it was too small. (We felt that was an definite advantage.) He told us about his son who was in the hospital [azee'ál9] and how many hours ['ahéé'ílkid] he had worked today (since 7 AM! [tsosts'idi'azl99']). But all this time the tire [chidí bikee'] was quickly and efficiently fixed. We were set for the weekend.

We needed to do a little more shopping to replenish our supplies, and Bashas' is a required stop in Chinle [Ch'íníl9] because the market supplies more than one need for the local people. Many of the people who shop here come from miles away and see friends while there that they are not often able to see. Therefore, as opposed to a bunch of scurrying housewives (or people from two earner families) trying to get a few things for dinner, we find many men [hastóíní], mostly older [hastóínísání], and a few older women [Sáannínísání], standing by the doorway or just inside looking over the new arrivals for old friends [ak'is]. Inside family groups are scattered through the store gathering things they need. This supermarket supplies an elevated lounge area where shoppers and family members can go to sit and talk or just observe the activity on the floor of the store at the same time, an accomodation to the local customs.

We got into a checkout line and waited our turn, smiling at the numerous small children ['álchíní], their mothers [shimá] and grandmothers [shimásání] (maternal). As we got closer, we noticed that the cash register announced each item and its price -- out loud! This soon began to get on our nerves. We couldn't believe that the cashiers could put up with it. Perhaps they got frequent breaks or maybe they are able to tune out English! When we paid, we found that we got Bashas' Gold Stamps. I wanted to give them to someone who could use them, as I usually do, but we didn't find a good opportunity to do so.

This supermarket also stocks a large supply of tape cassettes. We examined the available stock of Native American music tapes and chose two, Russell Mean's "Electric Warrior" as a gift for a friend back in Massachusetts who would appreciate it, and a tape of powwow music to accompany us on our travels as an occasional alternative to KTNN.

We then drove on to the Thunderbird Inn and checked in. After a quick wash up, we went to dinner in the cafeteria. Lori had a bilagáana dinner (barbequed ribs ['áts33a']) while I had mutton stew [atoo'] and fry bread [dah díníiilghaazh]. The dining room walls are covered with an incredible array of fine Navajo rugs [diyogí], including cases full of miniature rugs [diyogí] only a few inches in length. There were also excellent sandpaintings [iikááh] on display. We visited the gift shop after dinner to wind down before going to bed [bikáá' dah'anitéhí]. Lori asked about the yarn for sale there, and bought some for a friend. Several local women [asdzání] made yarn purchases while we were there. The older women ['asdzáán] begin their rugs [diyogí] by tending the sheep [dibé] and making their own yarn from the wool ['aghaa'] they obtain at shearing time. They also make their own dyes from locally collected materials, a very time consuming process which greatly decreases the return (in price/hour of labor) on the sale of a rug [diyogí]. The younger women [asdzání] apparently choose to purchase their yarn finished.

There is now cable television [ni[ch'ih naalkidí] in the rooms at the Thunderbird (it used to be a quiet haven from the outside world), Lori was able to checkup on the UMass basketball game [joo[ bee nida'anéhí] results again before turning out the lights.

book cover New! Tséyi'/Deep in the Rock: Reflections on Canyon De Chelly,
Laura Tohe and Stephen Strom (photographer), Univ. Arizona Press.

Recommend this website to a friend!

Navajo Spaceships, Star Mountain and Rez Memories, An Online Writing Journal, Prose & Poetry by John Rustywire, Navajo

Antelope House Tours a Navajo owned business offering 4 x 4, horseback and hiking tours of Canyon de Chelly, including overnight stays in the canyon.

A page linking to the personal stories of several Navajo rug weavers and other craftspersons is available. Links to three of them were available above.

A page with information on satellite images of this area is also available.

The recording of Indian Cars go Far, from Electric Warrior by Russell Means, is used with the permission of the Soar Corporation. The entire song may also be heard in RealAudio.

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                  Arizona Highways


Tall Sheep : Harry Goulding, Monument Valley Trader, Samuel Moon,
University of Oklahoma Press.
Sacred Ways of Knowledge : Sources of Life, Anna Lee Walters, Peggy V. Beck,
Navajo Community College Press.
The Main Stalk : A Synthesis of Navajo Philosophy, John R. Farella, Univ of Arizona Press.
Earth Is My Mother, Sky Is My Father : Space, Time, and Astronomy in Navajo Sandpainting,
Trudy Griffin-Pierce, Univ of New Mexico Press.
Holy Wind in Navajo Philosophy, James Kale McNeley, Univ of Arizona Press.
Dine Bahane : The Navajo Creation Story, Paul Zolbrod (Translator), Univ of New Mexico Press.
In the Beginning: The Navajo Genesis, Jerrold E. Levy, Univ. California Press, (Hardcover)
Language and Art in the Navajo Universe, Gary Witherspoon, Univ. Michigan Press
Navaho Folk Tales, Franc Johnson Newcomb, Paul Zolbrod , Univ. New Mexico Press
Navaho Legends, Washington Matthews (Editor), Grace McNeley, Univ. Utah Press
Sacred Twins and Spider Woman and Other Navajo Creation Stories (Cassette),
Geri Keams (Navajo), Caedmon Audio Cassette
The Navajo Atlas: Environments, Resources, Peoples, and History of the Diné Bikeyah,
James M. Goodman, Mary E. Goodman, Univ. Oklahoma Press
From the Glittering World: A Navajo Story, Irvin Morris (Navajo), Univ. Oklahoma Press
Molded in the Image of Changing Woman: Navajo Views on the Human Body and Personhood,
Maureen Trudelle Schwarz, Univ. Arizona Press. (Hardcover)
The Nightway: A History and a History of Documentation of a Navajo Ceremonial,
James C. Faris, Univ. New Mexico Press
Navajo Medicine Man Sandpaintings, Gladys Amanda Reichard, Dover Pub.
Sandpaintings of the Navajo Shooting Chant, Franc J. Newcomb, Gladys A. Reichard, Dover Pub.
Spider Woman: A Story of Navajo Weavers and Chanters , Gladys Amanda Reichard, Univ.
New Mexico Press
Through Navajo Eyes: An Exploration in Film Communication and Anthropology,
Sol Worth, John Adair, Univ. New Mexico Press
Time Among the Navajo: Traditional Lifeways on the Reservation,
Kathy Eckles Hooker, Helen Lau Running (Photographer) , Museum of New Mexico Press
In the Fifth World: Portrait of the Navajo Nation, Kenji Kawano & Adriel Heisey, Rio Nuevo Publishers.
Ancestral Peoples of the Southwest, John Carpenter, Rio Nuevo Publishers.
Navajo Sacred Places, Klara Bonsack Kelley, Harris Francis, Indiana Univ Press.
Warriors: Navajo Code Talkers, Kenji Kawano & Carl Gorman, Northland.
The Navajo Code Talkers, Doris A. Paul, Dorrance Pub.
Native Roads : The Complete Motoring Guide to the Navajo and Hopi Nations,
Fran Kosik, George Hardeen, Creative Solutions Pub.
Named in Stone and Sky : An Arizona Anthology, Gregory McNamee (Editor), Univ of Arizona Press.
Marietta Wetherill : Life With the Navajos in Chaco Canyon, Marietta Wetherill, Kathryn Gabriel (Editor), Univ. New Mexico Press.
Wide Ruins: Memories from a Navajo Trading Post, Sallie Wagner, Univ. New Mexico Press.
Tales from Wide Ruins: Jean and Bill Cousins, Traders, Jean Cousins, Mary Tate Engels (Editor), Texas Tech. Univ. Press.
Burntwater, Scott Thybony, Univ of Arizona Press.
Talking to the Ground : One Family's Journey on Horseback Across the Sacred Land of the Navajo
Douglas Preston, Univ of New Mexico Press.
A Guide Book to Highway 66, Jack D. Rittenhouse, Univ of New Mexico Press.
Basin and Range, John McPhee, Noonday Press.
Navajo Country : A Geology and Natural History of the Four Corners Region, Donald Baars, Univ. New Mexico Press.
The Colorado Plateau : A Geologic History, Donald L. Baars, Univ of New Mexico Press.
Roadside Geology of Arizona, Halka Chronic, Mountain Press.
Arizona Atlas & Gazetteer, DeLorme Publishing.

Books on Navajo Rug Weaving

A Burst of Brilliance: Germantown, Pennsylvania, and Navajo Weaving
Dilys Winegrad, Lucy Fowler Williams, Joe Ben Wheat (Contributors), Univ. of Pennsylvania Press.
A Guide to Navajo Weaving, Kent McManis and Robert Jeffries, Treasure Chest.
Navajo Pictorial Weaving, 1880-1950, Tyrone Campbell, Joel Kopp, Kate Kopp, Univ. of New Mexico Press.
Navajo Rugs: How to Find, Evaluate, Buy & Care for Them, Don Dedera, Northland.
Navajo Textiles : The William Randolph Hearst Collection, Nancy J. Blomberg, Univ. of Arizona Press.
Navajo Weaving: Three Centuries of Change, Kate Kent, School of American Research Press.
Navajo Weaving Tradition: 1650 to the Present, Alice Kaufman, Christopher Selser, Council Oak Distribution.
One Hundred Years of Navajo Rugs, Marian E. Rodee, Univ. of New Mexico Press.
Reflections of the Weaver's World: The Gloria F. Ross Collection of Contemporary Navajo Weaving,
Ann Lane Hedlund, Denver Art Museum.
Rugs and Posts: The Story of Navajo Weaving and Indian Trading, H. L. James, Schiffer Pub.
The Song of the Loom: New Traditions in Navajo Weaving, Frederick J. Dockstader, Hudson Hills Press.
Weaving a Navajo Blanket, Gladys Amanda Reichard, Dover Pubs.
Weaving a World: Textiles and the Navajo Way of Seeing,
Roseann S. Willink and Paul G. Zolbrod, Museum of New Mexico Press.
Woven by the Grandmothers:
Nineteenth-Century Navajo Textiles from the National Museum of the American Indian
Eulalie H. Bonar (Editor), Smithsonian Institution Press.

Music & Videos

Woven by the Grandmothers, WETA/PBS.
Ancient America - The Southwest, Wes Studi.
The Native Americans: The Natives of the Southwest
Electric Warrior, Russell Means, SOAR.
Find more books on the Navajo Tribe.

See the new Desert Places Series from the University of Arizona.

For more books on Native American topics, visit the book archive at the Index of Native American Resources on the Internet.
In Association with

Visit The Sonoran Desert 5000 square miles of silence.

© 1994 - 2003 Karen M. Strom

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